the original in color by citing the Call Number listed above and including the catalog As seen from the top of the steel blast door. Shows landownership. Radios Ike's Message of Peace To World, 1958/12/22 (1958)", 1963 United States Tri-Service missile and drone designation system, United States tri-service missile and drone designations post-1962, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 5, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 14, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=SM-65_Atlas&oldid=984950084, Cold War nuclear missiles of the United States, Intercontinental ballistic missiles of the United States, Articles needing additional references from October 2020, All articles needing additional references, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2015, Articles needing additional references from August 2015, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the Air Force Historical Research Agency, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 255,950 lb (116,100 kg) for Atlas D w/o payload, 260,000 lb (117,900 kg) for Atlas D with Mk 2/3 RV and W49 warhead, 268,000 lb (121,560 kg) for Atlas E&F with Mk 4 RV and W38 warhead, 75 ft 1 in (22.89 m) with Mk 2 re-entry vehicle, 82 ft 6 in (25.15 m) with Mk 3, 16 ft 1 in (4.90 m) with Mk 2 re-entry vehicle, 82 ft 6 in (25.15 m) with Mk 3, 1 × Rocketdyne LR105 rocket engine, 1 × Rocketdyne XLR89 rocket engine with two 150,000 lbf (670 kN) thrust chambers (Atlas D), 2 × Rocketdyne LR101 vernier rocket engines with 1,000 lbf (4.4 kN) of thrust (propellant feed from LR105 sustainer engine turbopumps); 2 × LR89 booster engines (independent turbopumps) with 165,000 lbf (730 kN) (Atlas E&F), Atlas 2D mounted with a Mercury capsule is on display in the Rocket Garden at the, Atlas 5A (56–6742) was formerly on display on the lawn in front of the, This page was last edited on 23 October 2020, at 02:04. I really recommend visiting the LAMB site as Larry Sanders has really put a lot of his time and resources into gradually recovering the site from the great state of disrepair after being left dormant for decades. It was the only one and a half stage missile (for example, the Minuteman has three stages). The first ICBM ever deployed, the Atlas D was quite unique in comparison to other ICBMs to follow. The first held the missiles vertically in gantry launchers. The Atlas had been in development since the end of World War II in 1945. Atlas D's were operational from October 1959 through October 1964. On the Atlas E/F, each booster turbopump also got its own gas generator. , The SM-65E Atlas were based in horizontal "semi-hard" or "coffin" facilities that protected the missile against over-pressures up to 25 psi (170 kPa).
entrapment doors in red; the two vault doors in blue, the first of two simple doors just around the first corner, The first of two vault doors leading into the stairwell going into the LCC, Vintage (1960’s) Coke machine just behind the first vault door, Mechanical vault door actuator from the inside. This circular path had a flat metal grating floor with a corrugated metal piping wall. It was built for the U.S. Air Force by the Convair Division of General Dynamics at an assembly plant located in Kearny Mesa, San Diego. The remaining Atlas F vehicles became space launch vehicles with the last one flying out in 1981. This access tunnel was heavily corroded from the years of trapped moisture from the missile silo slowly filling with water as the ground water slowly bleeds through the small pores of the concrete. The Atlas missile's warhead was over 100 times more powerful than the bomb dropped over Nagasaki in 1945. The remaining Atlas F vehicles became space launch vehicles with the last one flying out in 1981. This, in addition to the Soviet Union's 1953 Joe 4 dry fuel thermonuclear weapon test and the CIA learning that the Soviet ICBM program was making progress, led to the project being dramatically accelerated. Atlas E ICBM's were operational from September 1961 through January 1965. Plans are currently being made for a 2020 reunion open to anyone which served with the SM-65 Atlas ICBM Missile System. Since the missiles were no longer tied to a central guidance control facility, the launchers could be dispersed more widely in what was called a 1 × 9 configuration, with one missile silo located at one launch site each for the nine missiles assigned to the squadron. The Atlas was the United States Air Force's first operational Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM). Over the next six years the upgraded Atlas E and F were also deployed across the United States. Once past the radiation-resistant vault door, the two man crew would descend a two-flight set of stairs to access the two-levels of the round LCC. He’s also been in the local and regional news for his work in restoring his missile silo into a unique historical site for the public. This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/. H. Zachary and Brown & Root, Inc - U.S. Army Corps of Engineers - Historic American Engineering Record, Photo(s): 19 | Data Page(s): 11 | Photo Caption Page(s): 3, Collett, Neal - Argonne National Laboratory - U.S. Air Force - Raytheon Equipment Division - Gilbane Construction Company - Kramer, Bob - Whorton, Mandy - Historic American Engineering Record - Meyer, Lauren, Photo(s): 30 | Data Page(s): 20 | Photo Caption Page(s): 5, U.S. Army - U.S. Army Corps of Engineers - Historic American Engineering Record, Photo(s): 25 | Data Page(s): 26 | Photo Caption Page(s): 3. Twelve missile bases such as the one near Lawn, Texas, were clustered in around a central strategic command center, a U.S. Airbase in that region. General Land Office - Pressler, Herman, https://www.loc.gov/rr/print/res/114_habs.html, Historic American Buildings Survey/Historic American Engineering Record/Historic American Landscapes Survey, Historic American Buildings Survey/Historic American Engineering Record/Historic American Landscape Survey (HABS/HAER/HALS) Collection - Rights and Restrictions Information. , By 1965, with the second-generation Titan II having reached operational status, the Atlas was obsolete as a missile system and had been phased out of military use.
The Atlas E missile was similar to the Atlas D, but it was based in individual launch complexes and used inertial guidance. Outstanding article. There were eight Atlas A test flights, conducted in 1957–1958, of which four were successful. After the solid-fuel LGM-30 Minuteman had become operational in early 1963, the Atlas became rapidly obsolete. Starting with the Atlas G and H vehicles, the Atlas evolved over the decades all the way into the early 2000’s. The Atlas E and F had completely autonomous inertial guidance systems. After seeing the missile silo, we returned to the LCC to examine some of the posters and documents Larry had collected on the Atlas missile and the missile base. http://www.statutes.legis.state.tx.us/Docs/TN/htm/TN.225.htm#225.044 Larry gives tours to schools and other interested parties in the local area of central Texas. The second held the missiles in above ground "coffin" shelters.
Another good place to look at the old missile sites is SiloWorld.net. Historic American Engineering Record, Creator, Engineer And Builder U.S. Army Corps Of Engineers, and Inc H.B. Runnels County Texas Winters, 1968. It was held in a blast proof silo-lift configuration and could be launched in approximately ten minutes. In each case, the missile exploded within three minutes of launch. On the Atlas D, the booster engines had separate pump assemblies. Many of the retired Atlas D, E, and F missiles were used for space launches into the 1990s. . Later space launcher variants of the Atlas used the MA-5 propulsion system with twin turbopumps on each booster engine, driven by a common gas generator.
The Atlas F Launch site (Dyess S-6) near Lawn is one of the first subterranean ICM silos in the United States.